NBA新劳资协议下的薪金空间(中英文翻译)

发布时间:2016-12-13 | 浏览次数:次 | 一起爱篮球网:172lanqiu.com

The NBA and NBA Players Union are nearing labor peace, working towards an extension of the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) by December 15.
NBA和NBA球员工会即将迎来一段劳资和平时期,双方都努力在12月15日之前延长劳资协议

The goal for both the owners and players is to reach a new, long-term deal early, avoiding a lockout next summer.
为了避免下个夏天可能遭遇的停摆,尽早达成一份新的并且长期的协议成为了老板和球员们的共同目标。

Exact details of an agreement that has yet to be reached are obviously unavailable, but some of the working concepts have leaked.
目前还尚不得知新合同的具体细节,但是一些条例已经流出。

The basic split of basketball related income (BRI) is expected to remain unchanged from the 49-51 percent band in the current deal.
例如篮球相关收入(BRI)的基本分配预计不会改变,保持在49%~51之间,和目前的劳资协议持平。

The sooner a new CBA can be hashed out, the better for teams who need to make decisions based on salary-cap projections for the offseason and the summers to come.
越快达成新劳资协议,对那些需要基于休赛期和未来夏天的工资帽估算作出决定的球队来说就越有利。

Leading up to previous lockout years, teams were essentially working in the dark, hoping future rule changes wouldn't blow up their plans.
在之前的停摆年,球队的工作基本都如履薄冰,希望未来规则上的改变不会打乱他们的计划。

With a new deal arriving, likely well before the February 23 trade deadline, teams should have the necessary information to plan ahead.
随着新协议的签订,各只球队都会赶在2月23日交易截止日来临之前收集必要的信息,未雨绸缪,提前做好计划。

Already, the NBA raised its cap projection for the 2017-18 season to $103 million, with a $123 million luxury-tax threshold.
NBA已经上调2017-18赛季的工资帽至1.03亿美元,奢侈税的门槛将达到1.23亿美元。

The league had originally predicted a $107 million cap, but rolled it back to $102 million when teams began to spend at such a high level in July.
联盟原本预计1.07亿美元的工资帽,但由于各支球队在7月份时大肆花销,所以将其降至1.02亿美元。

That extra million in cap may not be enough to offset some of the prospective rule changes that could additionally limit spending power.
工资帽内的剩余薪金不足以抵消一些未来规则上的改变,由此引发会是锁死球队的薪金空间。

The working assumption is that minimum salaries, exceptions and rookie-scale contracts for first-round picks will jump by roughly 50 percent.
目前合理的假设是将球队最低工资、交易特例和首轮秀合同增加约50%。

When calculating cap space, teams are charged a rookie-minimum salary for every open roster spot through 12 players. The current CBA dictates next season's minimum to be $562,493, but it could scale up by 50 percent to $843,740.
当计算帽空间时,如果12人球员名单存在空缺,球队需要为每个空缺支付最低新秀合同。目前的劳资协议规定,下个赛季的最低工资是56.2493万美元,而其可能涨幅50%,达到84.3740万美元。

A team with eight players would have $1.1 million total in four roster charges based on the current rules. That would jump to $2.2 million with a higher minimum salary—offsetting a $1 million bump in the NBA's salary cap.
基于现在的规则,如果一只球队有八名球员,则将会为四个球员名单上的空缺支付总共110万美元。而更高的最低工资,将会导致其增长至220万美元,抵消了100万美元的工资帽增幅。

Similarly, the top overall pick in the 2017 NBA Draft has a rookie-scale salary of $5.1 million for next season. If the new CBA raises that by 50 percent as well, the player would take up $7.6 million unsigned.
同样,2017年的NBA状元秀在下个赛季将会拿到510万美元的薪水,而如果新的劳资协议生效,其将会增长50%至760万美元,如果未签约同样计入球队工资。

Teams currently have the latitude to pay up to 120 percent of that scale amount, which is why some franchises delay signing their first-rounders until after they've used every-last bit of salary cap space.
球队目前仅有能力支付这些薪水的120%,这也就是为什么一些球队在没有充分利用工资帽空间前推迟签约他们的首轮秀。

Exceptions also count against the cap. Teams that might have had $7.8 million in cap this past summer would technically be over by virtue of the Mid-Level Exception ($5.6 million) and Bi-Annual Exception ($2.2 million).
另外,交易特例也会对工资帽造成不利。过去的这个夏天,球队本可能有780万美元的空间,用其可以对中产特例(560万美元)和双年特例(220万美元)进行操作。

In that situation, the exceptions could have been renounced to allow the team to sign a player at $7.8 million. Otherwise the team could stay over and use the exceptions to sign two or more players at a combined $7.8 million.
这种情况下,球队可以放弃使用特例。否则的话,球队可以保留这些特例,用780万美元签下2名甚至更多名球员。

Factoring in a 50 percent bump, the Mid-Level would climb to $8.7 million and the Bi-Annual to $3.4 million.
考虑到50%的涨幅,中产和双年特例将会分别增至870万美元和340万美元。

Together, teams over the cap would have $12.1 million in spending power to spend, with $8.7 million being the most they could give in starting salary to a single player.
球队会有共计1210万的帽上空间去签约球员,他们能给一名球员的最高起始工资为870万美元。

A team that might be $12.1 million under the cap would have the choice of staying over with their exceptions.
一支球队可能在工资帽下有1210万美元的空间,则可以选择保留他们的交易特例。

Maximum salaries may stay flat, given how much they've jumped with the NBA's current $94.1 million salary cap, but the criteria may change.
考虑到目前NBA的工资帽已经涨到了9410万美元,顶薪可能会与之前持平,然而规则也许会改变。

Currently, players with up to six years of experience project to max at $24.2 million, those with seven to nine top out at $29 million and 10 or more would start at about $33.9 million.
当前,对于在联盟效力0-6年的球员,那么他能拿到的顶新为2420万美元,那些7-9年的球员会拿到超过2900万美元,十年及以上是大约3390万美元。

Another key factor in determining space is the various formulae to determine a free agent's cap hold. When a player's contract expires, they still take up salary cap space on a team's books until they're re-signed, renounced or ink with another franchise.
确定薪金空间的另外一个关键因素是各种计算到期自由球员薪水的规则。当一名球员的合同到期,他的薪水仍然会占据球队的薪金,直到他们续约,离开球队或者和其他球队签约。

The new CBA is expected to raise the cap hold for players at the end of rookie-scale contracts.
新的劳资协议预计会提升新秀合同到期球员的工资所占球队薪水的比例。

Instead of giving Kawhi Leonard an extension, which would have limited the San Antonio Spurs' spending power in 2015, the team let him become a restricted free agent with a $7.2 million cap hold.
安东尼奥马刺队没有提前续约科怀-伦纳德,如果续约的话将会锁死马刺队2015年的薪金空间,所以球队让他成为了一名受限制自由球员,并且占了720万美元的空间。

After using their space to bring in LaMarcus Aldridge, the Spurs gave Leonard a deal starting at $16.4 million. That $7.2 million would jump to $8.7 million (300 percent of his previous salary instead of 250 percent).
在使用剩余空间签下了拉马库斯-阿尔德里奇后,马刺队和伦纳德达成一份起薪1640万美元的合同。而在新的劳资协议下,伦纳德到期合同所占的720万美元将会增至870万美元(由之前的薪水的250%变为300%)。

Victor Oladipo's cap hold would have been $19.7 million next summer at 300 percent of his $6.6 million salary (up from $16.4 million). Instead, the Oklahoma City Thunder gave him an extension starting at $21.0 million.
维克托-奥拉迪波的合同在下个夏天将会占1970万美元的薪金空间(250%时为1640万美元),是其660万美元工资的300%,而俄克拉荷马雷霆以2100万美元的起薪合同和他续约。

As far as standard free agents not coming off rookie-scale deals, it's unclear if the cap holds will climb, and if so by how much?
至于没有履行完新秀合同的完全自由球员,还不清楚其薪水所占工资帽比例是否有提升,如果有的话,增长多少也不得而知。

Finally, the new agreement is not likely to contain another amnesty clause, a mechanism in the current CBA to erase a single contract from a team's cap (although the player still receives their salary).
最后,新协议不太可能会包含新的特赦条款,当前的劳资协议下的特赦条款可以使一名球员的工资不计入工资总额(即使球队仍然要支付给球员薪水)。

The following is an estimate of the maximum cap space teams would have if they let all their free agents go. Rookie-scale contracts and empty roster charges are multiplied by a factor of 1.5.
下面的表格是在球队和他们所有的自由球员都不签约的情况下,对其最大薪资空间的估计。新秀合同和球员名单空缺薪资都乘以了1.5。

The working assumption is that teams will finish in the same draft order as last season. Obviously, that won't be the case, but it's just a bit too early in the year to take the standings seriously.
目前的假设是球队的选秀顺位和上赛季相同。显而易见,今年情况肯定会不同于上赛季,但是现在来仔细地预测排名有点为时过早。

Team Maximum
(in millions)
Potential Free Agents
Golden State Warriors $58.6 Stephen Curry, Kevin Durant, Andre Iguodala, Shaun Livingston, Zaza Pachulia, David West, Ian Clark, James McAdoo, Anderson Varejao, JaVale McGee
Sacramento Kings $54.7 Rudy Gay, Arron Afflalo, Anthony Tolliver, Matt Barnes, Darren Collison, Ben McLemore, Omri Casspi, Ty Lawson, Jordan Farmar
Chicago Bulls $53.9 Dwyane Wade, Rajon Rondo, Taj Gibson, Nikola Mirotic, Michael Carter-Williams, Isaiah Canaan, Cristiano Felicio, R.J. Hunter
Philadelphia 76ers $47.3 Nerlens Noel, Ersan Ilyasova, Sergio Rodriquez, Gerald Henderson, Richaun Holmes, Robert Covington, Hollis Thompson, T.J. McConnell
Brooklyn Nets $40.7 Bojan Bogdanovic, Luis Scola, Greivis Vasquez, Randy Foye, Anthony Bennett, Sean Kilpatrick, Joe Harris
Los Angeles Clippers $39.3 Chris Paul, Blake Griffin, J.J. Redick, Luc Mbah a Moute, Marreese Speights, Brandon Bass, Raymond Felton, Alan Anderson, Paul Pierce (retiring)
Denver Nuggets $39.0 Danilo Gallinari, Mike Miller, Jarnell Stokes
Dallas Mavericks $37.0 Dirk Nowitzki, Andrew Bogut, Deron Williams, Devin Harris, Quincy Acy, Salah Mejri, Dorian Finney-Smith, Nicolas Brussino
Boston Celtics $32.2 Amir Johnson, Tyler Zeller, Jonas Jerebko, Kelly Olynyk, James Young, Demetrius Jackson, Jordan Mickey, Gerald Green
Utah Jazz $32.2 Gordon Hayward, George Hill, Boris Diaw, Shelvin Mack, Joe Ingles, Jeff Withey, Raul Neto, Joel Bolomboy
Los Angeles Lakers $31.9 Jose Calderon, Nick Young, Tarik Black, Marcelo Huertas, Metta World Peace, Thomas Robinson
Phoenix Suns $30.6 P.J. Tucker, Alex Len, Leandro Barbosa, John Jenkins, Alan Williams, Derrick Jones
Orlando Magic $29.7 Serge Ibaka, Jeff Green, Jodie Meeks, C.J. Watson, C.J. Wilcox, Damjan Rudez, Arinze Onuaku, Stephen Zimmerman
New Orleans Pelicans $28.3 Jrue Holiday, Tyreke Evans, Langston Galloway, Dante Cunningham, Terrence Jones, Lance Stephenson
San Antonio Spurs $25.7 Pau Gasol, Manu Ginobili, Patty Mills, Dewayne Dedmon, David Lee, Jonathon Simmons, Bryn Forbes, Nicolas Laprovittola
Indiana Pacers $25.4 Jeff Teague, Rodney Stuckey, C.J. Miles, Lavoy Allen, Aaron Brooks, Kevin Seraphin, Joseph Young, Rakeem Christmas, Glenn Robinson III, Georges Niang
Miami HEAT $21.4 Wayne Ellington, Josh McRoberts, Derrick Williams, Udonis Haslem, James Johnson, Dion Waiters, Luke Babbitt, Willie Reed, Josh Richardson, Rodney McGruder
New York Knicks $20.9 Derrick Rose, Brandon Jennings, Justin Holiday, Sasha Vujacic, Maurice N’dour, Marshall Plumlee, Ron Baker
Minnesota Timberwolves $18.9 Jordan Hill, Brandon Rush, Shabazz Muhammad, Adreian Payne, John Lucas III
Atlanta Hawks $16.0 Paul Millsap, Tiago Splitter, Kyle Korver, Kris Humphries, Thabo Sefolosha, Mike Scott, Tim Hardaway Jr., Mike Muscala, Ryan Kelly
Houston Rockets $12.0 K.J. McDaniels, Tyler Ennis, Nene, Bobby Brown, Kyle Wiltjer
Toronto Raptors $13.2 Kyle Lowry, Patrick Patterson, Jared Sullinger, Norman Powell, Fred VanVleet
Charlotte Hornets $0 Spencer Hawes, Ramon Sessions, Roy Hibbert, Brian Roberts, Christian Wood, Aaron Harrison, Treveon Graham
Cleveland Cavaliers $0 Mike Dunleavy, DeAndre Liggins, Jordan McRae, Kay Felder, Chris Andersen, James Jones
Detroit Pistons $0 Aron Baynes, Kentavious Caldwell-Pope, Reggie Bullock, Beno Udrih, Darrun Hilliard, Michael Gbinije
Memphis Grizzlies $0 Zach Randolph, Tony Allen, Vince Carter, JaMychal Green, Troy Williams
Milwaukee Bucks $0 Greg Monroe, Tony Snell, Michael Beasley, Jason Terry, Steve Novak
Oklahoma City Thunder $0 Andre Roberson, Nick Collison, Anthony Morrow, Joffrey Lauvergne, Jerami Grant, Semaj Christon
Portland Trail Blazers $0 Mason Plumlee, Festus Ezeli, Pat Connaughton, Tim Quarterman
Washington Wizards $0 Otto Porter, Trey Burke, Marcus Thornton, Daniel Ochefu, Danuel House, Sheldon McClella
球队 最大薪金空间
(百万)
未来自由球员
金州勇士 $58.6 斯蒂芬-库里,凯文-杜兰特,安德烈-伊格达拉,肖恩-利文斯顿,扎扎-帕楚里亚,大卫-韦斯特,伊恩-克拉克,詹姆斯-麦卡杜,安德森-瓦莱乔,贾维尔-麦基
萨卡拉门托国王 $54.7 鲁迪-盖伊,阿隆-阿弗拉罗,安东尼-托利弗,马特-巴恩斯,达伦-科里森,本-麦克勒摩,欧米-卡斯比,泰-劳森,乔丹-法玛尔
芝加哥公牛 $53.9 德维恩-韦德,拉简-隆多,泰-吉布森,尼古拉-米罗蒂奇,迈克尔-卡特-威廉姆斯,以赛亚-卡南,克里斯蒂亚诺,费利西,RJ-亨特
费城76人 $47.3 纳伦斯-诺埃尔,艾森-伊利亚索瓦,赛尔希奥-罗德里格斯,杰拉德-亨德森,里乔恩-霍姆斯,罗伯特-科温顿,霍利斯-汤普森,T.j.-麦康奈尔
布鲁克林篮网 $40.7 博扬-波格丹诺维奇,路易斯-斯科拉,兰迪-弗耶, 安东尼-本内特, 肖恩-基尔帕特里克, 乔-哈里斯
洛杉矶快船 $39.3 克里斯-保罗,布雷克-格里芬,J.J-雷迪克,卢克-理查德-巴莫特,马利斯-斯贝茨,雷蒙德-菲尔顿,布兰登-巴斯,阿兰-安德森,保罗-皮尔斯(退役)
丹佛掘金 $39.0 达尼罗,加里纳利,迈克-米勒,贾内尔,斯托克斯
达拉斯小牛 $37.0 德克-诺维斯基,安德鲁-博古特,德隆-威廉姆斯,德文-哈里斯,昆西-埃西,萨拉赫-梅杰里,多里安-芬尼-史密斯,尼古拉斯-布鲁西诺
波士顿凯尔特人 $32.2 阿米尔-约翰逊,泰勒-泽勒,约纳斯-杰雷布科,凯利-奥利尼克,詹姆斯-杨,迪米特里厄斯-杰克逊,乔丹-米基,杰拉德-格林
犹他爵士 $32.2 戈登-海沃德,乔治-希尔,伯利斯-迪奥,谢尔文-麦克,乔-英格尔斯,杰夫-威西,劳尔-内托,乔尔-博伦博伊
洛杉矶湖人 $31.9 何塞-卡尔德隆,尼克-杨,塔里克-布莱克,马塞洛,胡尔塔斯,梅塔-沃尔德皮斯,托马斯-罗宾逊
菲尼克斯太阳 $30.6 P.J-塔克,亚历克斯-莱恩,莱昂德罗-巴博萨,约翰-詹金斯,阿兰-威廉姆斯,小德里克-琼斯
奥兰多魔术 $29.7 塞尔吉-伊巴卡,杰夫-格林,约迪-米克斯,C.J-沃特森,C.J-威尔考克斯,达米扬-鲁代日,斯蒂芬-齐默尔曼,阿林兹-殴努阿库
新奥尔良鹈鹕 $28.3 朱-霍勒迪,泰瑞克-埃文斯,兰斯顿-加洛韦,丹特-坎宁安,特伦斯-琼斯,兰斯-史蒂文森
圣安东尼奥马刺 $25.7 保罗-加索尔,马努-吉诺比利,帕蒂-米尔斯,德维恩-戴德蒙,大卫-李,乔纳森-西蒙斯,布琳-福布斯,尼古拉斯-拉普罗维托
印第安纳步行者 $25.4 杰夫-蒂格,罗德尼-斯塔基,C.J迈尔斯,拉沃伊-阿伦,阿隆-布鲁克斯,凯文-塞拉芬,约瑟夫-杨,拉基姆克里斯马斯,格伦-罗宾逊三世,乔治-尼昂
迈阿密热火 $21.4 韦恩-艾灵顿,约什-麦克罗伯茨,德里克-威廉姆斯,犹多尼斯-哈斯勒姆,詹姆斯-约翰逊,迪昂-韦特斯,卢克-巴比特,威利-里德,约什-理查德森,罗德尼-麦格鲁德
纽约尼克斯 $20.9 德里克-罗斯,布兰登-詹宁斯,贾斯汀-霍勒迪,萨沙-武贾西奇,莫里斯-恩多尔,马绍尔-普拉姆利,罗恩-贝克
明尼苏达森林狼 $18.9 乔丹-希尔,布兰登-拉什,沙巴兹-穆罕默德,阿德里安-佩恩,约翰-卢卡斯三世
亚特兰大老鹰 $16.0 保罗-米尔萨普,蒂亚戈-斯普利特,凯尔-科沃尔,科里斯-亨弗里斯,萨博-赛福洛沙,迈克-斯科特,小蒂姆-哈达威,迈克-穆斯卡拉,瑞安-凯利
休斯顿火箭 $12.0 K.J-麦克丹尼尔斯,泰勒-恩尼斯,内内,鲍比-布朗,凯尔-威尔哲
多伦多猛龙 $13.2 凯尔-洛瑞,帕特里克-帕特森,贾里德-萨林杰,诺曼-鲍威尔,弗雷德-范弗利特
夏洛特黄蜂 $0 斯宾瑟-霍伊斯,拉蒙-塞申斯,罗伊-希伯特,布莱恩-罗伯茨,克里斯蒂安-伍德,阿龙-哈里森,特雷韦恩-格雷厄姆
克利夫兰骑士 $0 迈克-邓利维,德安德鲁-利金斯,乔丹-麦克雷,凯-费尔德,克里斯-安德森,詹姆斯-琼斯,莫-威廉姆斯(退役)
底特律活塞 $0 阿隆-贝恩斯,肯塔威厄斯-考德威尔-波普,雷吉-布洛克,本诺-尤德里,达伦-希利亚德,迈克尔-贝纳杰
孟菲斯灰熊 $0 扎克-兰多夫,托尼-阿伦,文斯-卡特,杰迈克尔-格林,特洛伊-威廉姆斯
密尔沃基雄鹿 $0 格雷格-门罗,托尼-斯内尔,迈克尔-比斯利,杰森-特里,史蒂夫-诺瓦克
俄克拉荷马雷霆 $0 安德烈-罗伯森,尼克-科里森,安东尼-莫罗,若弗雷-罗韦尔涅,杰拉米-格兰特,塞马杰-克里斯顿
波特兰开拓者 $0 梅森,费斯图斯-艾泽利,帕特-康诺顿,蒂姆-夸特曼
华盛顿奇才 $0 奥托-波特,特雷-伯克,马库斯-索顿,丹尼尔-奥谢富,丹纽尔-豪斯,谢尔登-麦克莱伦
Teams can make trades or buy-out players to open up additional cap space.
球队可以用过交易或者买断球员来腾出薪金空间。

Several players have non-guaranteed salary, or team/player options. In most cases, to get to maximum cap room, the assumption is all players without 100 percent locked in salary are off the books.
一些球员获得的是非保障合同或者是球队/球员选项。大多数情况下,为了得到最大的薪金空间,我们假设那些薪水没有百分之百确定的球员不会计入球队工资。   
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